Tuberculosis (TB) Fast Facts | CNN


come and see tuberculosis (also known as tuberculosis), an infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually affects the lungs. It can also infect other parts of the body, including the kidneys, spine and brain.

There are two types of tuberculosis − Latent TB infection (non-infectious) and tuberculosis (infectious).

Latent tuberculosis infection:
People infected with latent TB do not have symptoms and may not feel sick.
– A skin or blood test will indicate whether a person has a bacterial infection.
– It is not possible to transmit TB germs from an infected person to other people.
– People with latent TB infection may never develop the disease because the bacteria lie dormant. In other cases, especially when people with weakened immune systems are involved, the bacteria can become active and cause TB.
– Treatment is needed to ensure that infected people do not develop active TB disease, but preventive treatment may not be an option in some cases.
– About 5-10% of people with latent TB infection will develop the disease if left untreated.

– Symptoms of tuberculosis include coughing up blood and chest pain.
– Other symptoms include weight loss, night sweats, fever, chills, and fatigue.
– It is possible to spread TB germs from an infected person to others.
– A skin or blood test will indicate whether a person has a bacterial infection.
– Treatment usually involves taking a combination of medicines for six months.
– People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV Or diabetes, more susceptible to tuberculosis.

TB is spread through the air when a person with active TB infection coughs, sneezes, talks or sings. Bacteria can remain in the air for hours.

In 2021, approximately 10.6 million people worldwide will be infected with TB and 1.6 million will die (including 187,000 with HIV).

exist Through 2022, a total of 8,300 new TB cases will be reported in the United States.

In the United States, as many as 13 million people have latent TB.

1546 – italian scientist Girolamo Fracastoro postulates that tuberculosis is contagious.

1679 – dutch scientist Francis Sylvius details the impact of tuberculosis on his patients.

1865 – French military doctor Jean-Antoine Villemin demonstrated that the disease could be transmitted from human to animal or from animal to animal.

1882 – German physician Robert Koch identified the strain as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

1800s – In the 19th century, tuberculosis accounted for a quarter of all deaths in Europe. Famous people who died of tuberculosis included John Keats, Frederick Chopin, Charlotte, Emily and Anne Brontë, Anton Chekhov and Franz Kafka.

1921 – After years of experimentation on animals, French bacteriologists Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin successfully A vaccine called Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is given to a baby whose mother died of tuberculosis.

1930- In Germany, more than 70 infants vaccinated with BCG died of tuberculosis. It was later concluded that the vaccine had been contaminated in the laboratory.

1944 – Microbiologist Selman A. Waksman and his colleagues at Rutgers University report that Discovery of a new antibiotic called streptomycin.

1944 – Physicians H. Corwin Hinshaw, Karl H. Pfuetze, and William H. Feldman successfully treat a tuberculosis patient with streptomycin.

1952 – Research published in a scientific journal heralds the success of a breakthrough treatment called isoniazid.

1985-1992 Tuberculosis is on the rise again. Scientists attribute this to several factors, including the spread of HIV.

1994The World Health Organization declared tuberculosis a global emergency.

1995 – The World Health Organization launched the Directly Observed Therapy Short Course (DOTS). It is a five-part treatment plan that includes standardized records and reports.

2008- The World Health Organization reports the highest incidence of MDR-TB in the world.

December 8, 2010 – WHO Endorsement of a new test to diagnose tuberculosis In hours not months.

2018- a promising New vaccine called M72/AS01E It has been shown to be effective in many people who are already infected with TB.

2021 – A four-month multidrug regimen for tuberculosis was as effective as a six-month regimen, a study concluded.

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