Below is information and statistics about vaccine In the U.S.For vaccines against coronavirus, see A quick look at the timeline of the coronavirus outbreak.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides vaccine recommendations in the following ways ageas well as disease.
Exceed 100 Years of Public Divide on Question-Based Vaccines Examples include individual rights, religious freedom, distrust of government, and the possible impact of vaccines on children’s health.
vaccine exemption Divided into three categories: Medicine, Religion, and Philosophy.
As of May 25, 2022, 44 states and the District of Columbia have enacted legislation allowing religious exemptions to vaccines, and 15 states allow philosophical (non-spiritual) exemptions.
1796 – Edward Jenner develops the smallpox vaccine, The world’s first successful vaccine.
1855 – School-age children were required to be vaccinated in Massachusetts (only the smallpox vaccine was available at the time).
February 20, 1905 – exist Jacobson v. Massachusettsthis supreme court of the united states Safeguard the right of the state to compulsorily immunize smallpox.
November 13, 1922 – U.S. Supreme Court Denies Any Violation of Constitution sigh v gold Among them, Rosalyn Zucht, argued that demanding vaccinations without due process violated her right to liberty. The high court held that a city ordinance requiring children to attend school to be vaccinated was a “discretion necessary to protect public health.”
1952 – Dr. Jonas Salk and his team Development of polio vaccine. a national trial Leading to the vaccine being declared safe and effective in 1955.
1963 – first Measles vaccine released. In 2000, the CDC announced that the United States had eliminate measlesdefined as “12 months or more without sustained disease transmission in a specified geographic area.” While measles has been eliminated from the United States since then, there are Occasional outbreaks.
1986 – passed by congress National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act. This coordinated the vaccine activities of multiple government agencies to monitor vaccine safety, required vaccine information statements to be provided to those who received the vaccine, and created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Scheme to compensate vaccine-related injuries on a “no fault” basis people.
March 19, 1992 – Rolling Stone magazine publishes an article by Tom Curtis, “The Origins of AIDS,” which presents a theory related to AIDS HIV AIDS Polio vaccine. During a vaccination campaign in Africa in the late 1950s, at least 325,000 people received contaminated polio vaccine, Curtis writes. The article said the vaccine may have been contaminated with a monkey virus, the cause of the human immunodeficiency virus (later known as HIV/AIDS).
August 10, 1993 – Congress passed the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, which created the Childhood Vaccine Programfree vaccines for eligible children.
December 9, 1993 – Rolling Stone updated Curtis’ article to clarify that his theory is not fact, Rolling Stone does not say there is any scientific evidence to support it, and the magazine regrets any damage caused by the article.
1998 – British researcher Andrew Wakefield and 12 other authors have published a paper saying they have evidence that vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) is associated with autism. They claim they found the measles virus in the digestive systems of autistic children who received the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine.The publication resulted in a general increase in the number of parents choosing not vaccinated Their kids fear it has something to do with autism.
2004 – Co-authors of Wakefield study began removing their names from articles upon discovery Wakefield was paid by attorneys representing parents who plan to sue the vaccine maker.
May 14, 2004 – Institute of Medicine releases report “A causal relationship between MMR vaccine rejection and autism.”
February 2010 – The British medical journal The Lancet, which published Wakefield’s study, Official retraction of articleThe UK also revoked Wakefield’s license to practice medicine.
2011- investigative reporter Brian Deer has written a series of articles in the BMJ exposing Wakefield’s fraud.The article said he used distorted data and falsification of children’s medical records This could lead to an unwarranted relationship between vaccines and the development of autism.
2011- U.S. Public Health Service It was found that 63% of parents who refused and delayed vaccinations did so because of fears that their children would have serious side effects.
June 17, 2014 – The University of Sydney published a report after analyzing 10 studies, all of which looked at the link between vaccines and autism and involved more than 1 million children, said there was no link between vaccinations and the development of autism. Correlation.
February 2015 – Advocacy group Autism Speaks issued a statement, “Over the past two decades, extensive research has asked whether there is any link between childhood vaccinations and autism. The results of this study are clear: Vaccines do not cause autism. We urge all children to be vaccinated vaccine.
August 23, 2018 – A study published in the American Journal of Public Health Found the Twitter account by Automated bots and Russian trolls masquerading as legitimate users engage in online vaccine debate. The researchers said the bots and trolls “legitimized” the vaccine debate by tweeting a variety of anti, pro and neutral tweets and directly confronting vaccine skeptics.
October 11, 2018 – Two reports released by the CDC found that vaccine exemption rates and the percentage of unvaccinated children are on the rise.
January 2019 – WHO lists vaccine hesitancy among Top 10 threats to global health in 2019.
September 4, 2019 – Facebook Announcing that educational pop-ups will appear on social media platforms when users Search for vaccine-related content, visit vaccine-related Facebook groups and pages, or click on vaccine-related hashtags on Instagram
December 19, 2019 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Vaccines approved to prevent the disease Ebola virus First time in America. The Ervebo vaccine was developed by Merck to prevent Ebola virus disease caused by the Zaire Ebola virus in people 18 years of age and older.
December 27, 2019 – A study published in the medical journal JAMA Network Open Single-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine may be associated with Two or three doses can prevent cancer-causing HPV infection.
February 3, 2020 – The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) announced Clinical trials of HIV vaccines have been halted since the vaccine became available Not found to prevent human immunodeficiency virus infectionthe virus that causes AIDS.
May 3, 2023 – this US FDA approval, Arexvy, the first vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV. This is a single injection for adults 60 years of age or older.