Autism Fast Facts | CNN


This is an example of autism.

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), includes a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that result in impaired communication and social skills. ASD typically begins before age three and persists throughout life, but early intervention plays a role in treatment and progression.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), autism is about four times more common in boys than in girls.

ASD can be found in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups.

According to a survey, the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder in the United States is about 1 in 36 8-year-old children 2023 CDC Report.

Medical costs for children with autism are four to six times that of non-autistic children, According to research published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disabilities.

April 2 is world autism day.

no definitive medical tests diagnosis autism. Instead, the disorder is diagnosed by observing the child’s development.

According to the CDC, signs of autism can include deficits in social communication and interaction in a variety of situations, difficulty holding back and forth conversations, and a lack of interest in forming friendships with peers.

Regarding autism spectrum disorder vaccine It began in 1998, when the medical journal The Lancet published a now-retracted study by researcher Andrew Wakefield that compared MMR vaccine autism.

Most of Wakefield’s co-authors withdrew their names from the study after learning he had been compensated by a law firm that planned to sue the vaccine makers involved. In 2010, Wakefield lost his license to practice medicine. In 2011, The Lancet retracted the study after an investigation found that Wakefield had falsified or misrepresented information on the 12 children on which the study’s conclusions were based.

Other researchers were unable to replicate Wakefield’s findings. Several subsequent studies Attempts to reproduce the results have found no link between vaccines and autism, including several reviews by the Institute of Medicine.

Early 1900s – Autistic traits have been studied as symptoms of schizophrenia.

1938 – Donald Gray Triplett of Mississippi was first examined by Leo Kanner, a child psychiatrist at Johns Hopkins Hospital, and later became the first person to be diagnosed with People with symptoms of autism.

1943 – Triplett was identified as “Donald T”. In Kanner’s paper “Autistic Disorders of Emotional Engagement”. The paper expounded on the idea that autism was linked to a lack of parental warmth; this became known as the “refrigerator mother” theory.

1944 – Austrian physician Hans Asperger published a paper on autism. The paper gained wider recognition when it was translated into English in the early 1990s.

1964 – Research psychologist Bernard Rimland published “Autism in Infants: The Syndrome and Its Implications for Neurobehavioral Theory,” which contradicts the “refrigerator mother” hypothesis. Kanner is the author of the foreword.

1965 – Rimland founded National Association for Children with Autism (now Autism Society). He later established the Autism Research Institute.

1980- Autism is classified separately from schizophrenia in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III).

December 18, 2007 – this United Nations Passed a resolution declaring April 2 World Autism Awareness Day.

October 29, 2014 – The medical journal Nature reported that Scientists have identified 60 genes The probability of increasing the risk of autism in children exceeds 90%.

December 17, 2015 – Scientists at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology announced they have discovered for the first time a link between autistic behavior and reduced activity of a key neurotransmitter, a brain chemical that communicates between neurons. Transmits signals that enable the brain to communicate with other organs.

April 21, 2016 – The Simmons Foundation announces that it is Launch of an autism research project called SPARK. The study, involving scientists from 21 hospitals and university clinics, will focus on possible links between genetics and autism.Parents of children with autism are invited to participate Sign Up Online and participate in research. The group also operates the Autism BrainNet network, a bank of posthumously donated autism brains, in partnership with Autism Speaks and the Autism Science Foundation.

February 2017 – researchers found Monitoring babies’ MRI brain scans may help predict whether they’ll develop autism, according to a study published in the journal Nature. Researchers have found a possible link between brain enlargement in the first year of life and an autism diagnosis at age 2. This builds on previous similar research.

March 19, 2017 – CBS News’ “60 Minutes” introduces “Sesame Street”‘s newest Muppet character, an autistic girl named Julia.

April 11, 2017 – a study A study published in the American Journal of Public Health found that people with autism were three times more likely than the general population to die from preventable injuries, and children and adolescents with autism were more likely to die from preventable injuries Sex is 40 times the population of ordinary children. Suffocation, suffocation, and drowning are the leading causes of fatal injuries for people with autism.

March 26, 2018 – According to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics, Children with an autism spectrum disorder and their younger siblings were less likely to be fully vaccinated than children not affected by autism.

March 4, 2019 – The journal published a study of more than 650,000 children Annals of Internal Medicine show The measles, mumps and rubella vaccine does not increase the risk of autism, nor does it trigger autism in at-risk children.

April 29, 2019 – According to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics Highly Accurate Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children as Young as 14 Months (instead of the current suggested age of 18 to 24 months).

January 23, 2020 – A study in the journal Cell identified 102 genes associated with autism risk. Previously, researchers knew of only 65.

May 10, 2020 – In a report published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disabilities, CDC Estimates 2.2% of U.S. Adults Have Autism Spectrum DisorderThe report, the first study of autism in adults in the United States, shows that as many as 5.4 million people aged 18 and over, or about 1 in 45, have an autism spectrum disorder.

February 14, 2022 – A meta-analysis Research findings published in JAMA Pediatrics People with autism spectrum disorder more than twice as likely to die prematurely from natural or unnatural causes than the general population.

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